If you are a student or family member of a student, see the Families and Students page. Or, click on your year to see the state graduation requirements. Students are assigned an expected graduation year at the time they enter ninth grade (WAC 180-51-035). They are held to the graduation requirements of that graduation year regardless of the year they actually complete high school. The requirements of the Class of 2019 carry-forward, so students in the Class of 2020, 2021 etc., will have the same requirements as the Class of 2019. To see what assessments are required check OSPI’s State Testing Webpage.
Newly enacted legislation (E2SHB 1599) removes the explicit link of the state assessment to graduation, replacing it with a set of pathway options for graduation. The Board is charged with rulemaking for these pathways, as well as reviewing them, gathering stakeholder input, and making recommendations for improvement. The legislation also includes changes requested by SBE to provide more flexibility in waiving up to two credits, ensuring students receive high school credit for high school level courses taken in middle school, and extending the expedited appeal for current juniors and seniors through the Class of 2020. In addition, the SBE is directed to convene a workgroup to develop a mastery-based education framework. The legislation makes enhancements to the high school and beyond plan to include information on academic acceleration, advanced courses, and financial aid, and requires all districts to adopt and utilize an academic acceleration policy. See a more in-depth SBE analysis of E2SHB 1599.
Career- and College-Ready Graduation Requirements
The State Board’s vision is of an education system that prepares all students for college, career and life. In Washington, high school students must meet credit and testing requirements. In support of this vision, the Board worked to create a 24-credit framework designed to be both rigorous and flexible. Elements of this framework are being phased-in for the Class of 2016, and the full 24-credit credits will be required for the Class of 2019.
Along with new credit requirements, the state is also transitioning to a new assessment system, the Smarter Balanced assessments, that are aligned to career and college readiness and new learning standards. These tests will have performance Levels 1, 2, 3, and 4. Earning a Level 3 or Level 4 on the high school Smarter Balanced tests represents a career- and college-ready score. In August 2015, the Board has set a score for graduation that is below a Level 3 so that the transition to new assessments required for graduation can be fair to students, but it remains a goal of the Board that all students will earn at least a Level 3 on the high school Smarter Balanced exams. As students and the system adjust to new standards and new assessments, the Board expects to see all students scoring at a Level 3 or above. All students will continue to take the Smarter Balanced assessments (even if they plan to use a different pathway to meet their graduation pathway requirement) for state and federal accountability purposes, as well as to ensure the system is serving all student groups equitably.
The Board believes that new credit requirements and new learning standards, combined with the excellent work of Washington’s educators and schools, will help all students graduate prepared for their next steps in life.
The State Board of Education sets state credit requirements and local districts may set additional requirements. The Legislature identified the tests students must take to graduate, and the Board sets the scores students must earn on those tests.
In 2006, the Legislature directed the SBE to revise the definition of the purpose and expectations of a public high school diploma. In 2010, after extensive committee work, stakeholder input, and research the SBE adopted by resolution (but did not implement) 24 credit Career- and College-Ready Graduation Requirements. RCW 28A.230.090 provides that changes in graduation requirements having a fiscal impact on school districts may be implemented only after funding and authorization by the Legislature. In 2012, graduation requirement rules (WAC 180-51-067) were adopted by the SBE for the Class of 2016 and beyond, which included only changes that have no state fiscal impact.
In 2013, the budget passed by the Legislature included funding for increased instructional hours associated with the Career- and College-Ready Graduation Requirements, but the Legislature did not approve implementing the increased credits. The Board passed a resolution on January 9, 2014, that modified the 24 credit graduation framework to increase flexibility and personalization while maintaining rigor. Then in the 2014 session, the Legislature passed E2SSB 6552 that directed the Board to implement through rule (WAC 180-51-068) the 24-credit graduation requirements for the Class of 2019 and beyond, and also reallocated funding to more directly support the new requirements.
In the 2014 session, the Legislature passed E2SSB 6552 that directed the SBE to adopt rules to implement the Career- and College-Ready Graduation Requirements adopted in the board resolution of November 10, 2010, and revised on January 9, 2014, with some modifications. The Board adopted rules to E2SSB 6552 on July 10, 2014. A concise explanatory statement was prepared in accordance with RCW 34.05.325.
Graduation Requirements for the Classes of 2019 and Beyond
A table comparing the requirements of the Class of 2016 and the 24 Credit Career- and College-Ready Graduation Requirements is available here. Note: this table pertains only to credits required to graduate.
The 24-credit framework was designed to be both rigorous and flexible. The pathway for most students will keep all postsecondary options open, including meeting the college admission requirements for entry into a public four-year institution or pursuing a program of study in a two -year institution or apprenticeship. The framework is flexible enough to accommodate a program of study leading to a professional or technical certificate or degree through a skills center or Career and Technical Education program.
Key elements of the framework that allow for flexibility include:
- 7 of the 24 credits are flexible credits; these include 4 elective credits and 3 Personalized Pathway Requirements that are chosen by students based on their interest and their High School and Beyond Plans.
- 17 of the 24 credits are mandatory core credits, including 3 credits of science, 2 of which must be lab science.
- 2 of the flexible credits may be waived locally for students with ‘unusual circumstances,’ as defined by local district policy.
- For districts who need more time to implement the 24 credit framework, E2SSB 6552 provided authority to the SBE to waive implementation of the framework for up to two years.
Applications for Waiver of Implementation of the 24 Credit Framework for Up to Two Years
RCW 28A.230.090 (1) provides that school districts may apply to the State Board of Education for a waiver to implement the Career- and College-Ready Graduation requirements adopted in 2014 beginning with the graduating class of 2020 or 2021 rather than the graduating class of 2019. The SBE is directed to grant such waiver to an applying school district at the next subsequent meeting of the Board after receiving an application. (E2SSB 6552. Chapter 217, Laws of 2014.) WAC 180-51-068 (11) implements this provision. An application for a waiver under WAC 180-51-068 (11) that is received by the SBE before the first day of a scheduled board meeting will be considered by the Board at that meeting. The Board requests, however, that applications be received at least ten days before a scheduled board meeting in order that they may be included in the printed materials prepared for the meeting. For a list of schools with current graduation requests, visit the Waivers page.
Graduation Requirements for the Classes of 2016 - 2018
The Board adopted graduation requirements for the Classes of 2016-2018 at its November 2011 meeting, creating WAC 180-51-067.This rule requires students to earn 20 credits, and including 4 credits of English and 3 credits of social studies.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Alternative Assessments / Certificate of Academic Achievement
- Culminating Project
- Graduation Requirements
- Health and Fitness
- High School and Beyond Plan
- Home-Based Instruction
- Implementation of 24-Credit Graduation Requirements
- Social Studies
- World Language Proficiency